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Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

06/20/2018 02:26 AM
Absence epilepsy—when the brain is like 'an orchestra without a conductor'
At first, the teacher described her six-year-old student as absentminded, a daydreamer. The boy was having difficulty paying attention in class. As the teacher watched the boy closely, she realized that he was not daydreaming. He often blanked out for a few seconds and wouldn't respond when she called his name. On occasion, he would blink a lot and his eyes would roll up.

06/20/2018 02:25 AM
Study finds religious involvement does little to prevent opioid abuse
Does going to church help people avoid struggles with opioid abuse? New research from Florida State University says no.

06/20/2018 02:23 AM
Annual southeast Asia haze linked to increased respiratory problems
For more than a decade, Southeast Asia has faced annual haze due to a combination of human activity, natural fires, and climatic factors. A new study published in Respirology reveals that the annual haze is associated with increased hospital admissions for respiratory problems.

06/20/2018 02:23 AM
Guidelines address self-management of hospitalized diabetes patients
It is important that patients with diabetes be involved in decisions concerning the management of their condition while they are hospitalized. New guidelines published in Diabetic Medicine are meant to improve the inpatient experience and safety for people with diabetes through effective self-management.

06/20/2018 02:23 AM
Long-term estrogen therapy changes microbial activity in the gut, study finds
Long-term therapy with estrogen and bazedoxifene alters the microbial composition and activity in the gut, affecting how estrogen is metabolized, a new study in mice found.

06/20/2018 02:22 AM
Can older adults safely donate kidneys?
With increasing organ demand, living kidney donation from older donors has become more common. A new Clinical Transplantation study indicates that kidney donation among carefully-selected adults over 60 years of age poses minimal perioperative risks and no added risk of long-term kidney failure.

06/20/2018 02:22 AM
The role of vitamin D in a healthy pregnancy
For a pregnancy to proceed to term, early modulation of the immunologic response is required to induce tolerance to the fetus. Growing evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may affect this process and may play a part in recurrent pregnancy loss.

06/20/2018 02:19 AM
Non-dairy drinks can be dangerous for infants
A brief report published in Acta Paediatrica points to the dangers of replacing breast milk or infant formula with a non-dairy drink before one year of age.

06/20/2018 02:18 AM
Why isn't anyone talking about vaginal dryness (or doing anything about it)?
It's a common problem that only gets worse during the menopause transition; yet, no one wants to talk about it, and even fewer women are doing anything to correct it. A new study identifies those factors that contribute to the taboo problem of vaginal dryness. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).

06/20/2018 02:18 AM
Should pharmacists be allowed to write prescriptions?
Prescribing of medications has traditionally been restricted to physicians, but there is growing support to allow pharmacists to do so as well. A British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology review of a large number of studies in many countries reveals that diverse groups of stakeholders hold positive views and experiences around pharmacist prescribing.

06/20/2018 02:18 AM
Substance in hair may be a marker for alcohol consumption
A new Drug Testing & Analysis study reveals that measuring levels of ethyl sulphate (EtS), a metabolite of ethanol, in the hair can be used to assess alcohol consumption. In the study, researchers developed a method that was successfully applied to quantify EtS in hair samples from patients treated for alcohol use disorders.

06/20/2018 02:17 AM
Do circulating bone turnover markers indicate hip fracture risk?
The evidence that circulating levels of markers of bone turnover correlate with hip fracture risk among postmenopausal women is limited. In a new Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study, neither serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) nor serum procollagen type 1 aminoterminal propeptide (PINP)—two markers of bone turnover— were associated with hip fracture risk.

06/20/2018 02:17 AM
Floppy eyelids may be sign of sleep apnea, study finds
A Loyola Medicine study is providing further evidence that floppy eyelids may be a sign of sleep apnea.

06/20/2018 12:00 AM
Intervention shows promise for treating depression in preschool-aged children
Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have shown that a therapy-based treatment for disruptive behavioral disorders can be adapted and used as an effective treatment option for early childhood depression. Children as young as 3-years-old can be diagnosed with clinical depression, and although preschool-aged children are sometimes prescribed antidepressants, a psychotherapeutic intervention is greatly needed. The study, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of NIH, appears online June 20 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

06/19/2018 11:20 PM
Parent-child therapy helps young children with depression
Children as young as 3 can be clinically depressed, and often that depression recurs as kids get older and go to school. It also can reappear during adolescence and throughout life.

06/19/2018 08:00 PM
Exercise makes the blood of obese people healthier
Exercise can reduce inflammation in obese people by changing the characteristics of their blood, according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.

06/19/2018 07:00 PM
How vaping helps even hardened smokers quit
Vaping helps people stop smoking—even when they don't want to, according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

06/19/2018 06:00 PM
Living the high life: How altitude influences bone growth
High altitude is a particularly challenging environment—the terrain is physically challenging and the land has a relatively poor crop yield, so food can be sparse. Most importantly, oxygen levels are lower meaning that conversion of food into energy in an individual's body is not very efficient and leads to relatively limited energy available for growth.

06/19/2018 06:00 PM
Say cheese! Why a toothy smile makes it easier for you to be identified
A fulsome smile in a photo makes it easier for people to identify the individual, say researchers at the University of York.

06/19/2018 04:00 PM
Opioids killed nearly 4,000 in Canada last year: official
The opioid crisis claimed nearly 4,000 lives in Canada last year, mainly from overdoses of the powerful painkiller fentanyl, the public health agency said Tuesday, warning of a worsening situation.

06/19/2018 02:10 PM
Rates of cardiac stress testing down but still higher in CKD
(HealthDay)—From 2008 to 2012 there was a decrease in overall rates of cardiac stress testing in Medicare beneficiaries, though rates were consistently higher for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than those without CKD, according to a study published online June 13 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

06/19/2018 02:00 PM
Obesity plagues rural America
(HealthDay)—Country folk are being hit harder by the U.S. obesity epidemic than city dwellers, two new government studies show.

06/19/2018 01:50 PM
Pharmacologic Tx should be used sparingly for reflux in preemies
(HealthDay)—Conservative measures to control reflux have limited effect on signs of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in preterm infants, and pharmacologic treatments should be used sparingly, according to a clinical report published online June 18 in Pediatrics.

06/19/2018 01:40 PM
Increased risk of MI, ischemic stroke after COPD exacerbation
(HealthDay)—For adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), acute exacerbations are associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke, according to a study published online May 3 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

06/19/2018 01:30 PM
New online toolbox to help keep kids safe in disasters
A new set of online tools is designed to help families and communities keep children safe in disasters.

06/19/2018 01:30 PM
How to keep a diet diary
TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) —To some people, keeping a food diary might seem old hat or just another busy-work task on your diet to-do list. But when done correctly (and diligently), it's a very effective tool for losing weight and keeping it off.

06/19/2018 01:18 PM
Severe stress may send immune system into overdrive
(HealthDay)—Trauma or intense stress may up your odds of developing an autoimmune disease, a new study suggests.

06/19/2018 01:15 PM
Experts warn of synthetic 'bioweapons' danger
(HealthDay)—The burgeoning field of "synthetic biology" research could lead to the creation of dangerous new bioweapons, and U.S. defense officials need to be alert to assess the potential threat.

06/19/2018 01:00 PM
Risks of cancer and mortality by average lifetime alcohol intake
The risk of mortality, and of developing a number of cancers, is lowest in light drinkers consuming an average of less than one drink per day across their lifetime, and the risk of some cancers increases with each additional drink per week, according to a new study, published this week in PLOS Medicine by Andrew Kunzmann of Queen's University Belfast, and colleagues.

06/19/2018 01:00 PM
Researchers map cardiovascular disease risk across India
The average 10-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease varies widely among India's states, ranging from 13.2% to 19.5%, with substantial variation across socio-demographic groups according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Pascal Geldsetzer and Rifat Atun of Harvard University, and colleagues.