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Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

05/24/2017 01:44 AM
Making people feel bad can be a strategy for helping them
People may try to make someone else feel negative emotions if they think experiencing those emotions will be beneficial in the long run, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings expand on previous research by revealing that people may sometimes seek to induce negative emotions in others for altruistic reasons, not simply for their own pleasure or benefit.

05/23/2017 11:10 PM
New 'sperm radar' test may uncover secrets about male infertility
Scientists at the University of Sheffield have developed a new technique to examine human sperm without killing them—helping to improve the diagnosis of fertility problems.

05/23/2017 07:00 PM
Enforcing a weekday bedtime could help your child get sufficient sleep
Enforcing rules about bedtimes could help your child get the sleep they need on weekdays, according to new research published in the open access journal BMC Public Health.

05/23/2017 06:20 PM
Where body fat is carried can predict cancer risk
Scientists have found that carrying fat around your middle could be as good an indicator of cancer risk as body mass index (BMI), according to research published in the British Journal of Cancer today.

05/23/2017 06:10 PM
Vitamin D supplements could help pain management
Vitamin D supplementation combined with good sleeping habits may help manage pain-related diseases. This paper published in the Journal of Endocrinology, reviews published research on the relationship between vitamin D levels, sleep and pain management, and reports that levels of vitamin D combined with good quality sleep could help manage conditions including arthritis, menstrual cramps and chronic back pain.

05/23/2017 05:30 PM
Chondroitin sulfate as good as widely used anti-inflammatory for knee osteoarthritis
High quality (pharmaceutical grade) chondroitin sulfate is as good as a widely prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (celecoxib) for the treatment of painful knee osteoarthritis, concludes research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

05/23/2017 05:30 PM
Fiber-rich diet linked to lowered risk of painful knee osteoarthritis
A fibre-rich diet is linked to a lowered risk of painful knee osteoarthritis, finds the first study of its kind, published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

05/23/2017 05:30 PM
Regular chocolate consumption may be linked to lower risk of heart flutter
Regular chocolate consumption may be linked to a lower risk of developing the heart rhythm irregularity atrial fibrillation, also known as heart flutter, finds research published online in the journal Heart.

05/23/2017 02:30 PM
Risk up for triple Tx versus DAPT in DES implantation with A-fib
(HealthDay)—For patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risks, with no benefit and higher risk seen for triple therapy compared to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), according to a study published online May 17 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

05/23/2017 02:20 PM
Five-year risk of repeat SUI, POP surgery less than 10 percent
(HealthDay)—For women undergoing surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP), the risk of repeat procedures is less than 10 percent, with increased risks for older women and initial POP surgery, according to a study published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

05/23/2017 02:10 PM
You're less apt to fact-check 'fake news' when it's on social media: study
(HealthDay)—Talk of "fake news" is everywhere this year. Now a new study suggests that people may be less apt to fact-check reports they see on social media, compared to other settings.

05/23/2017 02:00 PM
Checking patient's drug history may help curb opioid abuse
(HealthDay)—Doctors can help stem the U.S. opioid epidemic by checking their patients' drug history before prescribing powerful painkillers, a new study suggests.

05/23/2017 01:51 PM
Case of gnathostomiasis caused by roe ingestion reported
(HealthDay)—In a case report published online May 4 in The Journal of Dermatology, gnathostomiasis caused by ingestion of raw roe from Oncorhynchus masou ishikawae is described.

05/23/2017 01:50 PM
Helping ease kids' fears after Manchester terror attack
(HealthDay)—As reports of the carnage at Monday's Ariana Grande show in Manchester, England, continue to pour in, many teens with tickets to concerts during the coming summer music season may be reluctant to attend an event.

05/23/2017 01:48 PM
Ethiopia's Tedros elected new WHO chief
Ethiopia's Tedros Adhanom was elected as the new head of the powerful World Health Organization on Tuesday, vowing to shake up an agency seen as needing major reform.

05/23/2017 01:46 PM
Botulism outbreak tied to nacho cheese kills 1, sickens 9
A botulism outbreak linked to contaminated nacho-cheese dip sold at a Northern California gas station has killed one man and left at least nine other people hospitalized, health officials said.

05/23/2017 01:45 PM
Brain area involved in addiction activated earlier than previously thought in recreational cocaine users
Even among non-dependent cocaine users, cues associated with consumption of the drug lead to dopamine release in an area of the brain thought to promote compulsive use, according to researchers at McGill University.

05/23/2017 01:44 PM
Among all cancers, lung cancer appears to put patients at greatest suicide risk
A lung cancer diagnosis appears to put patients at the greatest risk of suicide when compared to the most common types of non-skin cancers, according to new research presented at the ATS 2017 International Conference.

05/23/2017 01:43 PM
Using a genetic signature to overcome chemotherapy-resistant lung cancer
Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) often respond to standard chemotherapy, only to develop drug resistance later, and with fatal consequences. But what if doctors could identify those at greatest risk of relapse and provide a therapy to overcome or avoid it?

05/23/2017 01:36 PM
Researchers find piece in inflammatory disease puzzle
Inflammation is the process by which the body responds to injury or infection but when this process becomes out of control it can cause disease. Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) researchers, in collaboration with the Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (MIPS), have shed light on a key aspect of the process. Their findings may help guide the development of new treatments of inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis, which can lead to heart attack or stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

05/23/2017 12:59 PM
Skin color no shield against skin cancer
Sidney Brown thought the mole on his nose was just an annoying pimple. He didn't consider that it could be a cancerous tumor, because, Brown thought, "skin cancer is something white people get."

05/23/2017 11:43 AM
Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases share common crucial feature
A Loyola University Chicago study has found that abnormal proteins found in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease all share a similar ability to cause damage when they invade brain cells.

05/23/2017 11:42 AM
Study leads to breakthrough in better understanding acute myeloid leukemia
A study led by the University of Birmingham has made a breakthrough in the understanding of how different genetic mutations cause acute myeloid leukaemia.

05/23/2017 11:41 AM
Immunotherapy target suppresses pain to mask cancer
Once hailed as a breakthrough in cancer treatment, immunotherapies are now raising concerns as doctors note new side effects like severe allergic reactions, acute-onset diabetes and heart damage.

05/23/2017 11:40 AM
First study shows tie between probiotic and improved symptoms of depression
Probiotics may relieve symptoms of depression, as well as help gastrointestinal upset, research from McMaster University has found.

05/23/2017 11:37 AM
Phone-based transitional care program has high engagement among surgical patients
For patients undergoing complex abdominal operations in the United States, poor transitions from the hospital to home contribute to hospital readmission rates ranging from 13 to 30 percent. To address this situation, a research team used the framework of a successful phone-based transitional care program adapted to the needs of surgical patients, based on a systems engineering approach. The researchers found the program was feasible for hospital staff to implement and provided a positive experience for patients, according to study results published as an "article in press" on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website ahead of print publication.

05/23/2017 11:35 AM
Mortality rates at teaching hospitals lower compared with non-teaching hospitals
Patients admitted to major teaching hospitals are less likely to die compared with patients admitted to minor teaching or non-teaching hospitals, according to a large national study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

05/23/2017 11:34 AM
Researchers suggest dual gait testing as early predictor of dementia
In a new study, researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University are demonstrating that gait, or motion testing, while simultaneously performing a cognitively demanding task can be an effective predictor of progression to dementia and eventually help with earlier diagnosis. To date, there is no definitive way for health care professionals to forecast the onset of dementia in a patient with memory complaints.

05/23/2017 11:33 AM
Comparison of antibiotic treatments for cellulitis
Among patients with uncomplicated cellulitis, the use of an antibiotic regimen with activity against MRSA did not result in higher rates of clinical resolution compared to an antibiotic lacking MRSA activity; however, certain findings suggest further research may be needed to confirm these results, according to a study published by JAMA.

05/23/2017 11:00 AM
Discovery of a key regulatory gene in cardiac valve formation
Researchers from the University of Basel in Switzerland have identified a key regulator gene for the formation of cardiac valves - a process crucial to normal embryonic heart development. These results are published in the journal Cell Reports today.