Medical Xpress - latest medical and health news stories

Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Nanotechnology, Life Sciences, Space Science, Earth Science, Environment, Health and Medicine.

06/23/2017 07:00 PM
High levels of brain inflammation seen in OCD
(HealthDay)—Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have high levels of brain inflammation, according to a study published online June 21 in JAMA Psychiatry.

06/23/2017 06:50 PM
Anti-TNF-alpha Rx improves sleep quality in ankylosing spondylitis
(HealthDay)—Anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) therapy improves sleep quality (SQ) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) without any improvement in polysomnography (PSG) measures, according to a study published online May 29 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

06/23/2017 06:40 PM
Blood test can detect GLUT1 deficiency syndrome
(HealthDay)—A simple and rapid blood test can detect GLUT1 deficiency syndrome (DS), according to a study published online May 26 in the Annals of Neurology.

06/23/2017 06:30 PM
Primary care pharmacy model attractive to patients
(HealthDay)—Patients express preference for a pharmacy-driven model of primary care versus a pharmacy offering minimal primary care services, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

06/23/2017 06:20 PM
Drug, herb interactions frequent for cancer patients
(HealthDay)—Patients with cancer frequently have herb-drug interactions (HDI) and drug-drug interactions (DDI), some of which have clinical consequences, according to research published online June 19 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

06/23/2017 06:10 PM
A baby's skin no match for the sun
(HealthDay)—Want to help protect your children from skin cancer as they get older? Make sure they never get a serious sunburn in childhood.

06/23/2017 06:07 PM
Family history questionnaire ups genetic counseling for CRC
(HealthDay)—For patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy, a family history questionnaire (FHQ) sent by mail is associated with an increase in available family history and referral for genetic counseling, according to a study published online May 29 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

06/23/2017 06:00 PM
Fewer U.S. kids binge drinking
(HealthDay)—A new federal report finds that fewer U.S. teens and young adults are indulging in frat-party style drinking because their levels of binge drinking have gone down over the past six years.

06/23/2017 05:52 PM
Nevada's on-again, off-again marijuana sales back on
Nevada regulators reaffirmed Friday that they intend to issue licenses necessary for retailers to begin selling pot for recreational use on July 1, despite a court order that threatens to scuttle the plan.

06/23/2017 05:51 PM
Immunotherapy kinder than chemotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer
The immunotherapy nivolumab is kinder than chemotherapy for people with advanced head and neck cancer - easing many of the negative effects of the disease on patients' quality of life.

06/23/2017 05:50 PM
Targeted drug shows promise in rare advanced kidney cancer
Some patients with a form of advanced kidney cancer that carries a poor prognosis benefited from an experimental drug targeted to an abnormal genetic pathway causing cancerous growth, according to research led by a Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientist.

06/23/2017 05:49 PM
Decades after the discovery of anti-obesity hormone, scant evidence that leptin keeps lean people lean, scientists say
Discovered more than two decades ago, the hormone leptin has been widely hailed as the key regulator of leanness. Yet, the pivotal experiments that probe the function of this protein and unravel the precise mechanism of its action as a guardian against obesity are largely missing.

06/23/2017 01:00 PM
Experts uncover first molecular events of organ rejection
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the University of Toronto have uncovered the first molecular steps that lead to immune system activation and eventual rejection of a transplanted organ. The findings, published today in Science Immunology, may be used someday to create better donor-recipient matches and develop new ways to prevent rejection of transplanted tissues.

06/23/2017 12:23 PM
Cholera suspected as several ill at Kenya medical conference
"Several" participants at a medical conference at a hotel in Nairobi have come down with a foodborne disease suspected to be cholera, the Kenya Medical Association said Friday.

06/23/2017 12:23 PM
Patient race and gender are important in predicting heart attack in the emergency department
Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) found that certain symptoms are more and less predictive of patients' risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), which includes heart attack, in patients of different gender and race.

06/23/2017 12:22 PM
Anti-epilepsy drug restores normal brain activity in mild Alzheimer's disease
In the last decade, mounting evidence has linked seizure-like activity in the brain to some of the cognitive decline seen in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Patients with Alzheimer's disease have an increased risk of epilepsy and nearly half may experience subclinical epileptic activity—disrupted electrical activity in the brain that doesn't result in a seizure but which can be measured by electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain scan technology.

06/23/2017 12:22 PM
More breast cancers were diagnosed at early stage after Affordable Care Act took effect
A Loyola University Chicago study published this month has found an increase in the percentage of breast cancer patients who were diagnosed in early Stage 1, after the Affordable Care Act took effect.

06/23/2017 11:10 AM
Patient-controlled analgesia reduces pain at higher cost
(HealthDay)—For patients presenting to the emergency department in pain, who are subsequently admitted to the hospital, the cost per hour in moderate or severe pain averted is higher for patient-controlled analgesia versus standard care, according to a study published online May 26 in Anaesthesia.

06/23/2017 11:00 AM
Protective association identified for asthma against sepsis
(HealthDay)—For patients with infections, those with asthma have reduced risk of sepsis, according to a letter to the editor published online May 22 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

06/23/2017 10:50 AM
Need braces? Say goodbye to 'metal-mouth' taunts
(HealthDay)—Braces have long been a kind of geeky right-of-passage—something that must be endured for a few years to ensure a lifelong smile with straight teeth.

06/23/2017 10:42 AM
1991-2014 saw minimal change in health spending per state
(HealthDay)—From 1991 to 2014 there was minimal change in health spending by state, according to a study published online June 14 in Health Affairs.

06/23/2017 10:42 AM
Choosing the right sunglasses
(HealthDay)—You might think of eye problems like cataracts as signs of old age, but one step you can take now will protect your vision for the future—and you can do it with style.

06/23/2017 10:42 AM
Guided exercise may help chronic fatigue patients: study
An expert-guided, self-help exercise program may help people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), a new study suggests.

06/23/2017 10:17 AM
Measles outbreak kills 30 in Romania
A measles outbreak affecting several European countries has killed 30 people in Romania, most of them children, health authorities in Bucharest said on Friday.

06/23/2017 10:14 AM
Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats
It's a classic conundrum: while rushing to get to an important meeting or appointment on time, you spot a stranger in distress. How do you decide whether to stop and help, or continue on your way?

06/23/2017 10:12 AM
Individualizing deep brain stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease
Working with colleagues from Harvard Medical School and Würzburg, researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been examining the use of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of Parkison's disease in an attempt to optimize treatment effectiveness. Specifically, they have been looking at which brain regions need to be connected to the electrode used for deep brain stimulation. The researchers found a way to use brain connectivity (i.e. connections in the brain) to predict the best possible relief of Parkinson's Disease symptoms. The results, describing an effective network profile of deep brain stimulation has been reported in the journal Annals of Neurology.

06/23/2017 10:08 AM
Leisure activities lower blood pressure in Alzheimer's caregivers
Going for a walk outside, reading, listening to music—these and other enjoyable activities can reduce blood pressure for elderly caregivers of spouses with Alzheimer's disease, suggests a study in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official journal of the American Psychosomatic Society.

06/23/2017 10:05 AM
Public health guidelines aim to lower health risks of cannabis use
Canada's Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines, released today with the endorsement of key medical and public health organizations, provide 10 science-based recommendations to enable cannabis users to reduce their health risks. The guidelines, based on a scientific review by an international team of experts, are published in the American Journal of Public Health.

06/23/2017 10:04 AM
Treating Lyme disease: When do symptoms resolve in children?
For many Americans, the warmer weather of summer means more time spent outside: More gardening and yard work, more hikes in the woods, more backyard barbecues. But for this year in particular, some experts predict warmer weather will lead to more ticks.

06/23/2017 09:58 AM
Following a friend leads to unsafe driving behavior
Have you ever tried following a friend in a car? It can stressful; if you don't keep up, you are likely to get lost. To avoid this, you may make unsafe driving manoeuvres to keep sight of the car ahead.