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Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.

06/19/2018 01:15 PM
Experts warn of synthetic 'bioweapons' danger
(HealthDay)—The burgeoning field of "synthetic biology" research could lead to the creation of dangerous new bioweapons, and U.S. defense officials need to be alert to assess the potential threat.

06/19/2018 08:54 AM
Patriarchs on pedestals? How doctors are taught to improve their bedside manner
Up until around 30 years ago, in the days of paper patient files, doctors were on pedestals and patients generally did as they were told, in a more patriarchal model of patient care. Over 2,400 years ago, Hippocrates wrote: "The physician ought also to be confidential, very chaste, sober, not a winebibber, and he ought to be fastidious in everything, for this is what the profession demands."

06/19/2018 02:17 AM
U.S. smoking rate hits all-time low
(HealthDay)—Fewer than 14 percent of American adults smoked cigarettes in 2017, the lowest level seen since data collection started in 1965, government health officials reported Tuesday.

06/18/2018 11:00 PM
Opioid dependence in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis: More likely to occur before than after surgery
Researchers investigated risk factors for the development of opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). They found that, overall, patients were more likely to have a dependency on opioid medications before surgery than afterward. This finding and more appear in a new article published today in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine: "Factors predicting opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis: analysis from the MarketScan databases" by Mayur Sharma, MD, MCh, and colleagues.

06/18/2018 11:40 AM
Plant-based diets improve cardiometabolic risk factors in diabetes patients
Plant-based diets improve glycemic control, lead to weight loss, and improve cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes, according to a new review published in the journal Clinical Nutrition.

06/18/2018 08:10 AM
Pediatricians say no to spanking
(HealthDay)—Most U.S. pediatricians say spanking is a bad way to discipline children.

06/18/2018 07:13 AM
Should healthy people take probiotic supplements?
A visit to the supermarket these days can feel more like walking through a pharmacy, with an ever-expanding range of milks, yoghurts, pills, powders and speciality foods promoting their "probiotic" prowess.

06/18/2018 05:44 AM
'You are getting very sleepy': When hypnotism came to America
In the early 19th century, American factory workers often labored for 12-hour shifts, six days a week, and weaver Cynthia Gleason was having trouble sleeping. That is, until Dr. Charles Poyen "mesmerized" the textile worker to sleep through the night and wake up at a specific time the next morning. No one could wake her until she woke up herself at 8 a.m.

06/18/2018 02:27 AM
One in five parents did not talk to kids about what to do if they got lost at an amusement park
Parents headed to an amusement park or carnival with their kids this summer may be equipped with sunscreen and snacks but they should prepare for safety issues as well. Emergency rooms saw 30,000 injuries linked to amusement parks and carnivals across the country in 2016, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.

06/16/2018 04:11 AM
California moves to declare coffee safe from cancer risk
California officials bucked a recent court ruling Friday and offered reassurance to concerned coffee drinkers that their fix won't give them cancer.

06/15/2018 04:07 PM
More than 4 million eggs recalled in Poland
Poland's veterinary service on Friday recalled some 4.3 million eggs contaminated with an antibiotic, just days after Dutch eggs were pulled from supermarket shelves in Germany.

06/15/2018 10:10 AM
Liver cancer a big threat to U.S., other developed nations
(HealthDay)—Liver cancer cases in several developed countries have doubled in the past 25 years, due to the continuing obesity epidemic and a spike in hepatitis infections, new research suggests.

06/15/2018 08:53 AM
Initiative aims to lower heart disease, stroke risk among millions with diabetes
During her first pregnancy in 1994, Sophia Boulanger developed gestational diabetes and was later diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Then in 2011, Boulanger was told she had 90 percent blockages in all five vessels supplying blood to the heart.

06/15/2018 08:30 AM
What does the PREDIMED trial retraction and reboot mean for the Mediterranean diet?
A very influential nutrition trial just tanked. It was retracted from the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) on 13 June, and re-published with new analyses and toned-down conclusions.

06/14/2018 03:30 PM
Lack of paid sick leave linked to poverty
(HealthDay)—Workers without paid sick leave are three times more likely to have incomes below the poverty line, two new studies find.

06/14/2018 03:10 PM
Sex, drugs hold less allure for today's high schoolers
(HealthDay)—Today's teens are a much tamer lot, a new U.S. government survey finds.

06/14/2018 03:02 PM
Test-taking can be tough for kids with vision problems
(HealthDay)—A lazy eye? Crossed eyes? New research suggests that children with such vision problems may take longer to complete standardized tests.

06/14/2018 11:10 AM
60 sickened so far in salmonella-tainted melon outbreak
(HealthDay)—Federal, state, and local health officials are investigating a salmonella outbreak linked to fruit salad mixes that has sickened 60 people in five U.S. states. The fruit salad mixes included precut watermelon, honeydew melon, cantaloupe, and cut fruit medley products from the Caito Foods facility in Indianapolis. The company has recalled the products.

06/14/2018 10:40 AM
Online information on vaccines and autism not always reliable, study shows
Research at Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) has found that information available online can provide unreliable information based on old, 'weak' scientific studies. The study 'Fake news or weak science?' is published in open-access journal Frontiers in Immunology.

06/12/2018 07:10 AM
Researchers find IQ scores dropping since the 1970s
A pair of researchers with the Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research in Norway has found that IQ test scores have been slowly dropping over the past several decades. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Bernt Bratsberg and Ole Rogeberg describe their study and the results they found. They also offer some possible explanations for their findings.

06/11/2018 11:50 AM
Coffee may do your liver good
(HealthDay)—More good news for coffee lovers: Having three or more cups of "joe" each day may help ward off serious liver ailments, new research suggests.

06/11/2018 07:50 AM
Expert discusses social support for depression
The recent news of Anthony Bourdain and Kate Spade's deaths by suicide have served as solemn reminders of the significant toll that depression can take on people who struggle with the disease.

06/09/2018 12:41 PM
Q&A: Need a little extra money? You'll soon be able to sell and rent your DNA
Feel like earning a little extra money and maybe improving your health at the same time?

06/09/2018 12:19 PM
High school pitchers who also catch prone to injury
(HealthDay)—High school baseball players who both pitch and catch suffer more injuries than pitchers who play other positions, a new study finds.

06/08/2018 06:45 AM
Prostate cancer drug given initial 'no' for NHS in England
A prostate cancer drug has been provisionally rejected as a first-line treatment on the NHS in England.

06/07/2018 03:03 PM
Fewer U.S. kids use tobacco, but numbers still too high: officials
(HealthDay)—The number of U.S. middle and high school students who use tobacco fell from 4.5 million in 2011 to 3.6 million in 2017, but that number is still far too high, federal health officials reported Thursday.

06/06/2018 10:35 AM
More teens than ever would try marijuana
(HealthDay)—One in four U.S. high school seniors would try marijuana or use it more often if it was legal, a new survey finds.

06/06/2018 08:42 AM
Identifying a subgroup of heart failure patients could lead to improved care
For more than six decades, oxidative stress has been linked to heart failure, a progressive weakening of the heart muscle that can lead to death. While antioxidant supplements such as vitamin C, vitamin B and beta-carotene have been widely used in heart failure, they often prove ineffective.

06/06/2018 07:44 AM
Fake organs guide the way for 'impossible' cancer surgery
Anthony Camnetar remembers the first time he was told that he had von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, a rare genetic disorder. He was 12 years old and his mother, who had just picked him up from school, broke the news through tears realizing the health challenges her son would face for the rest of his life.

06/05/2018 04:40 PM
High schoolers on heroin abuse other drugs, too
(HealthDay)—High school seniors hooked on heroin are likely to misuse a multitude of other drugs, a new study finds.