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Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.

03/28/2017 08:57 AM
The life-saving treatment that's being thrown in the trash
A few hours before beginning chemotherapy, a man named Chris faces his cellphone camera with a mischievous smile and describes a perfectly absurd milestone at 1.37pm on a Wednesday. "There is no more beautiful moment in a man's life…" he says with puckish glee. Because how can you not laugh when you've been invited to bank your sperm in advance of being "Godzilla-ed" with chemotherapy and radiation, all just four days after being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia at the age of 43 and given a 5 to 15 per cent chance of survival?

03/23/2017 04:20 PM
Scientists spot gene for rare disorder causing deafness, blindness
(HealthDay)—Researchers say they have found the genetic cause of a rare disorder that causes children to be born with deafness, blindness, albinism and fragile bones.

03/21/2017 04:39 PM
Family history of colon cancer calls for earlier screening
(HealthDay)—If you've got a family history of colon or rectal cancers, you probably need to start screening for these conditions before you turn 50, a cancer expert says.

03/20/2017 09:53 AM
DNA labels predict mortality
Various chemical modifications in the genome determine whether genes are read or deactivated. Methyl labels in the DNA play a key role in this "epigenetic" regulation of gene activity. Life style and environmental factors influence the methylation in the genome. Scientists have already well documented links between the methylation status of specific positions in the genome and cancer as well as other diseases.

03/17/2017 08:25 AM
Evolocumab significantly reduces risk of cardiovascular events
Evolocumab, one of the new targeted PCSK9 inhibitor drugs that has been shown to dramatically lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad" cholesterol, also significantly lowers the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with existing heart or vascular disease already on statin therapy, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

03/14/2017 07:00 AM
African-Americans must be proactive and reactive to fight heart disease
Sixteen years ago, Kinzo Evans was diagnosed with congestive heart failure. His stomach was swollen. At night, he couldn't lay prostrate to sleep because it was hard for him to breathe. He was also fatigued. Evans' deteriorating condition eventually necessitated a heart transplant, which he had at VCU Health in December 2016.

03/13/2017 11:36 AM
Genetic analysis better explains how uterine cancers resist treatment
Researchers have charted the complex molecular biology of uterine carcinosarcoma, a rare and aggressive gynecologic cancer, according to a study published on March 13 in Cancer Cell.

03/09/2017 01:18 PM
Gene found to cause sudden death in young people
Researchers from Canada, South Africa and Italy have identified a new gene that can lead to sudden death among young people and athletes.

03/08/2017 08:40 AM
Controversial 'liberation therapy' fails to treat multiple sclerosis
Opening up narrowed veins from the brain and spinal cord is not effective in treating multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study led by the University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health.

03/02/2017 12:41 PM
New eczema drug promising in early trial
(HealthDay)—An experimental drug may significantly reduce the itching and improve the appearance of moderate to severe eczema, a new, preliminary trial finds.

03/01/2017 10:42 AM
Highly prevalent gene variants in minority populations cause kidney disease
African Americans have a heightened risk of developing chronic and end-stage kidney disease. This association has been attributed to two common genetic variants - named G1 and G2—in APOL1, a gene that codes for a human-specific protein. However, direct evidence showing that these variants definitively cause kidney disease was lacking because APOL1 is widely expressed in different cell types but the gene is present in only some primates and humans. The challenge has been to create an animal model to prove this. Now, a team led by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has engineered mice with these mutations that cause human-like kidney disease.

02/23/2017 08:49 AM
Direct-to-consumer genomics: Harmful or empowering?
Thanks to recent scientific advances and plunging costs in genetic sequencing, consumers now can order simple, inexpensive, mail-in genetic tests to learn more about health risks, inherited traits and ancestry. But, is it a good idea to bypass your doctor's office when it comes to interpreting health risks?

02/21/2017 01:01 AM
They hate doctors. They don't exercise enough. But they want to live forever.
Being middle-aged, sandwiched between the much-lauded millennials and the much-attacked baby boomers, is far from an ideal place on the demographic scale.

02/14/2017 06:30 AM
Four ways to stay mentally fit if you're struggling with the political climate
"This can't be happening.""I feel like throwing up." "I don't want to get out of bed in the morning." "Life is going to get a lot worse for people like me." "I'm so sad I can't even think about it anymore." "Things are never going to be the same again."

02/09/2017 04:50 PM
Emflaza approved for duchenne muscular dystrophy
(HealthDay) —Emflaza (deflazacort) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy in people five years and older, the agency said Thursday in a news release.

02/08/2017 12:00 PM
Excessive antibiotic use in newborns can permanently damage lungs' defenses
Doctors have long understood that antibiotics that protect infants from infection also can disrupt the normal growth of their gut bacteria. However, a new study reveals that the consequences of routine antibiotic use may be deeper and longer lasting than expected.

02/06/2017 09:42 AM
Growing group of women take heart in pregnancy recommendations
For generations, doctors told women who were born with complex congenital heart defects that the physical demands of pregnancy and delivery would be too difficult for them, and that they should not have babies.

02/01/2017 07:26 AM
An impulsive cognitive style comes with implications, researchers say
Know anyone who would rather have $40 right now than $80 next month? Psychology researchers have just published a sprawling study about such folks. It shows them to have a mild but consistent set of tendencies—the scientists call it a "surprisingly broad cognitive phenotype"—to take the quicker and simpler path when thinking about logical challenges, the people around them, the societies they live in and even spiritual matters.

01/27/2017 01:21 AM
Roots of Alzheimer's disease can extend as far back as the womb
Biochemical reactions that cause Alzheimer's disease could begin in the womb or just after birth if the fetus or newborn does not get enough vitamin A, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.

01/26/2017 09:10 AM
Gene therapy for pompe disease effective in mice, poised for human trials
After decades investigating a rare, life-threatening condition that cripples the muscles, Duke Health researchers have developed a gene therapy they hope could enhance or even replace the only FDA-approved treatment currently available to patients.

01/26/2017 01:15 AM
Death clocks should come with a health warning, says top economist
The good news is that we are all living longer. The bad news is that we will all die ... but when?

01/25/2017 12:57 AM
Antibiotics, not dirty hospitals, the main cause of C. difficile epidemic
The study concluded that overuse of antibiotics like ciprofloxacin led to the outbreak of severe diarrhoea caused by C. difficile that hit headlines from 2006 onwards. The outbreak was stopped by substantially reducing use of ciprofloxacin and related antibiotics.

01/19/2017 02:59 AM
Know the risks, warning signs of ovarian cancer
(HealthDay)—Women need to be aware their risk for ovarian cancer increases with age. Half of all cases affect women age 63 or older, according to specialists at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia.

01/11/2017 03:50 PM
Oliver Smithies, 2007 Nobel Prize winner in medicine, dies (Update)
Genetics researcher Oliver Smithies, who won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 2007, has died at age 91.

01/10/2017 09:10 AM
Early Alzheimer's gene spells tragedy for patients, opportunity for science
Rosemary Navarro was living in Mexico when her brother called from California. Something wasn't right with their mom, then in her early 40s. She was having trouble paying bills and keeping jobs as a food preparer in convalescent homes.

01/09/2017 10:55 AM
Do genes steer you to a partner with similar schooling?
(HealthDay)—Were you drawn to your spouse's eyes? Or perhaps it was a great sense of humor you thought drew you in?

12/29/2016 02:08 PM
Researchers develop potential oral treatment for hemophilia
(HealthDay)—People with hemophilia have to endure painful injections every few days to stay alive, but a newly developed treatment may one day offer a simpler, cheaper and less painful alternative.

12/21/2016 03:03 PM
Study shows discrimination interacts with genetics and impacts health
It's no secret that discrimination is stressful for those who experience it, but turns out the issue is more than skin deep—these stressors can interact with our genetics to negatively impact our health, a new University of Florida study shows.

11/03/2016 12:00 PM
Why bad genes aren't always bad news
We usually think of mutations as errors in our genes that will make us sick. But not all errors are bad, and some can even cancel out, or suppress, the fallout of those mutations known to cause disease. Little is known about this process—called genetic suppression—but that's about to change as University of Toronto researchers begin to lay out the general rules behind it.

09/14/2016 05:53 AM
Genetics testing clinic swamped from the 'Angelina Jolie effect'
When Angelina Jolie had a double mastectomy in May 2013 to reduce her chances of contracting breast cancer, news headlines screamed of the move and the world gasped in shock.