Medical Xpress - latest medical and health news stories
Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.
06/13/2017 07:18 AM
Scientists discover rare genetic susceptibility to common cold
Scientists have identified a rare genetic mutation that results in a markedly increased susceptibility to infection by human rhinoviruses (HRVs)—the main causes of the common cold. Colds contribute to more than 18 billion upper respiratory infections worldwide each year, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study .
03/23/2017 08:57 AM
Team finds another immune system link science said didn't exist
The University of Virginia School of Medicine has again shown that a part of the body thought to be disconnected from the immune system actually interacts with it, and that discovery helps explain cases of male infertility, certain autoimmune diseases and even the failure of cancer vaccines.
03/08/2017 03:40 AM
AAAAI: early-life secondhand smoke may up food allergy risk
(HealthDay)—Exposure to secondhand smoke in the first few weeks of life could increase the risk that children will develop food allergies, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, held from March 3 to 6 in Atlanta.
03/07/2017 10:00 AM
AAAAI: asthma more likely to prove fatal in black children
(HealthDay)—Black American children are six times more likely to die from asthma than their white or Hispanic peers, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, held from March 3 to 6 in Atlanta.
03/07/2017 09:50 AM
AAAAI: low vitamin E in mothers can up asthma risk in offspring
(HealthDay)—Children born to mothers with low levels of vitamin E might be more likely to develop asthma, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, held from March 3 to 6 in Atlanta.
03/03/2017 04:16 AM
Treatments better than antibiotics needed now
New Zealanders should not be complacent because we have fewer antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens than elsewhere in the world, a University of Otago expert says.
01/20/2017 05:05 AM
Video: The yin-yang of cancer and infectious disease
Doctors have had great success using vaccines to boost the immune system to fight infectious diseases like smallpox and measles, but only recently have immune system boosters been tried against cancer.
12/23/2016 07:10 AM
Best of Last Year – The top Medical Xpress articles of 2016
(Medical Xpress)—It was a big year for research involving overall health issues, starting with a team led by researchers at the UNC School of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health who unearthed more evidence that replacing butter with vegetable oils is not beneficial for cardiac health—linoleic acid in the oils, they found, might be just as bad as fat in butter. Also, a team at the University of Warwick in England found evidence showing that eating more fruit and vegetables can substantially increase happiness levels—over a period of months.
11/29/2016 04:11 AM
Scientists find gene variants causing NK cell deficiency, solving 12 year-long mystery for a family
An international team of scientists has solved a medical mystery that has affected a family for more than 40 years. The condition made most of the children in the family susceptible to severe viral infections, Epstein-Barr virus in particular. Two of the four siblings died due to the infections, one was unaffected by the condition and one has survived repeated infections. Discovering the cause of the condition has brought closure to the family, personal satisfaction to the researchers and a better understanding of the clinical manifestations of deficiencies in natural killer (NK) cells, the first responders to viral infections. The results appear in The Journal of Clinical Investigation.
11/10/2016 12:00 PM
Your birth year predicts your odds if flu pandemic were to strike
Your birth year predicts—to a certain extent—how likely you are to get seriously ill or die in an outbreak of an animal-origin influenza virus, according to a study co-led by researchers from the University of Arizona in Tucson and the University of California, Los Angeles.
10/11/2016 10:19 AM
Immunotherapy prolongs life, reduces side effects and improves quality of life
The immunotherapy nivolumab significantly increases survival and causes fewer adverse side-effects in patients with recurrent head and neck cancer, according to a randomized trial co-led by investigators at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI), partners with UPMC CancerCenter.
10/10/2016 02:15 PM
Six keys to a safe, allergy-free Halloween
(HealthDay)—Halloween can be really scary for kids with asthma and allergies—and for their parents—unless they take precautions, an allergist advises.
09/07/2016 07:52 AM
Face transplants: the ups and downs
Ten years and 36 operations later, the face transplant remains a tricky endeavour with a long list of health and mental risks to be weighed against the benefits, experts say.
08/26/2016 05:20 AM
Pediatric allergist discusses EpiPen controversy
Members of Congress are calling for an investigation into the EpiPen maker Mylan. The pharmaceutical company has increased the price of EpiPens, from about $100 in 2008 to more than $500 today.
08/02/2016 10:50 AM
Cancer checkpoint drug target governs metabolic changes in exhausted T cells
Reprogramming of the molecular pathways underlying normal metabolism is essential for T cell infection-fighting function and for the immune system to form a "memory" of the microbes it has already encountered. But exactly how metabolism in exhausted T cells is maintained in chronic infections and cancer is a missing element in this line of research. Now, a new study suggests that tweaking metabolic steps in combination with checkpoint blockade drugs may improve some cancer therapies, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The team published their findings this week in Immunity.
06/28/2016 09:10 AM
Monkey study shows Zika infection prolonged in pregnancy
University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.