Medical Xpress - latest medical and health news stories

Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.

08/06/2018 12:38 PM
Stress makes people better at processing bad news
Feeling stressed or anxious makes people more able to process and internalise bad news, finds a new UCL-led study.

08/03/2018 10:00 AM
Older people less apt to recognize they've made a mistake
The older you get, the less apt you may be to recognize that you've made an error.

07/18/2018 10:45 AM
Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut, research reveals
The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother's microbiome—the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us—during pregnancy, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The work raises the possibility that preventing forms of autism could be as simple as an expectant mom modifying her diet or taking custom probiotics.

06/26/2018 08:32 AM
The psychological impact of early life stress and parental separation
In recent months, more than 2,000 migrant children have been separated from their families at the United States/Mexico border. Questions about the policy, including how it affects the children's well-being, has led to a suspension of the practice.

06/25/2018 07:35 AM
In the brain, dislike and dehumanization are not the same thing
During the past week, the news has brought us difficult images and sounds: Migrant and refugee children huddled in steel cages. Children and parents wailing as they are torn apart by American agents. Detention buses filled with infant car seats. 

06/21/2018 10:00 AM
New study suggests viral connection to Alzheimer's disease
Of the major illnesses facing humanity, Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains among the most pitiless and confounding. Over a century after its discovery, no effective prevention or treatment exists for this progressive deterioration of brain tissue, memory and identity. With more people living to older ages, there is a growing need to clarify Alzheimer's disease risk factors and disease mechanisms and use this information to find new ways in which to treat and prevent this terrible disorder.

05/18/2018 02:13 AM
FDA approves first drug aimed at preventing migraines
(HealthDay)—The millions of Americans who suffer from migraine may have a new source of hope—the first drug aimed at preventing the headaches gained U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval on Thursday.

04/20/2018 06:06 AM
Key factor in development of Parkinson's disease identified
A molecule has been identified that appears to play an important role in the development of Parkinson's disease, a debilitating disease that affects millions of people around the world.

04/12/2018 11:40 AM
Overeating? It may be a brain glitch
With springtime comes the desire to shed those few extra pounds, in preparation to don swimsuits and head to the pool. This year, new obesity research is making it easier to find a pathway that is right for us.

03/19/2018 03:21 AM
Better understanding amyotrophic lateral sclerosis by looking at how cells change
It took eight long years of research, but now an international team led by neuroscientists at Université de Montréal has discovered a basic molecular mechanism that better helps understand how Lou Gehrig's disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), works.

02/05/2018 02:33 PM
How brain's reward system lessened distress over 2016 election results
Some people disturbed by the 2016 presidential election have suffered a loss of appetite, trouble sleeping and concentrating, and have become easily annoyed, while others equally disturbed by the election result have not experienced such symptoms of depression. A new study by UCLA psychologists explains the differences between these two groups.

02/05/2018 08:19 AM
Compounds derived from hops show promise for metabolic syndrome patients
A group of compounds derived from hops can likely improve cognitive and other functions in people with metabolic syndrome, new research at Oregon State University and Oregon Health & Science University suggests.

12/21/2017 10:37 AM
Brain waves may predict and potentially prevent epilepsy
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have discovered a promising biomarker for predicting and potentially preventing epileptic seizures in patients with brain injuries using EEG (electroencephalographic) recordings of theta brain waves.

11/27/2017 02:11 PM
Novice pilots improve visual responses to simulation by watching experts' eye movements
Novice military pilots can improve their visual responses to a simulated emergency procedure by observing the eye movements of expert pilots, according to new research from SUNY Downstate Medical Center. The findings were presented recently at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, recognized as the world's leading source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/15/2017 06:10 AM
Paving the way to a drug for post-partum depression
For women with postpartum depression—by some estimates, nearly one in five new mothers—the announcement last week of positive results in clinical trials of a drug to help alleviate their symptoms was welcome news.

11/14/2017 12:49 PM
Engineering tomorrow's responsive, adaptable neuroprosthetics and robots
Advanced prosthetic limbs and eyes as well as brain-machine interfaces are harnessing existing neural circuitry to improve the quality of life for people with sensory impairment, according to studies presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/14/2017 10:36 AM
Studies uncover the hard-hitting consequences of sports-related head injuries
Playing contact sports can injure the brain even if head impacts don't result in concussions, according to new research presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health. The studies also suggest that relatively simple changes in equipment and athlete education could improve safety.

11/13/2017 01:57 PM
How bacteria in the gut influence neurodegenerative disorders
Humans have roughly as many bacterial cells in their bodies as human cells, and most of those bacteria live in the gut. New research released today reveals links between the gut microbiome—the population of microorganisms living in the gastrointestinal tract—and brain diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, including potential new ways to track and treat these diseases. The studies were presented at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/13/2017 01:45 PM
Research advances understanding of opioid addiction in face of public health crisis
As the United States grapples with the devastating effects of an opioid epidemic, researchers are making progress in advancing our understanding of opioid addiction-related health issues, according to studies presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/13/2017 08:47 AM
Exploring the neural mechanisms behind social decision-making, cooperation, and aggression
Humans, primates, and many other animals are innately social, spending much of their lifetimes in the presence of other individuals, but little is known about the neural mechanisms that generate social behaviors. Recent advances offer insight into neural circuits and mechanisms that underlie social decision-making, cooperation, and aggression. The studies are being presented at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/13/2017 07:00 AM
Harmful effects of stress on the brain and promising approaches for relief
Stress can have numerous harmful effects on the mind and body, both immediately and over long periods of time. New research reveals mechanisms by which stress exacts its toll throughout the body, from the brain to the male reproductive system, and points to potential paths for reducing the negative effects of stress. The studies were presented at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/12/2017 02:10 PM
Military service members face unique and sustained threats to optimal brain health
Military service exposes soldiers to a unique set of physical challenges, including toxic chemicals and traumatic brain injury, which can have profound effects on their health and well-being. New research examines the effects of military-related brain disorders and possible paths toward treatment, as well as a potential way to harness our brain's learning capabilities to better train pilots. The studies were presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/12/2017 11:28 AM
Studying sleep's profound and extensive effects on brain function
Although the general benefits of a good night's sleep are well established, one-third of American adults do not get a sufficient amount of sleep. Recent research sheds new light on the extensive effects of sleep on the brain, as well as the harms caused by sleep loss. The studies were presented at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

11/12/2017 11:24 AM
Innovative genetic and cellular techniques help identify multiple disease targets
Research released today highlights advances in the use of CRISPR-Cas9 and human induced pluripotent stem cell technologies to identify novel therapeutic targets for neurological disorders such as schizophrenia and addiction. The studies were presented at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.

08/30/2017 07:20 AM
Interventions for anxiety may help people with autism spectrum disorder
A new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging reports that anxiety occurring in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) shares similar brain mechanisms as anxiety alone. Led by Drs. John Herrington and Robert Schultz of the Center for Autism Research, a joint research center of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, the study could be good news for treating anxiety symptoms in ASD. The findings suggest that treatments that work for anxiety disorders may also help people with anxiety and ASD.

08/21/2017 12:08 PM
Gut microbes may talk to the brain through cortisol
Gut microbes have been in the news a lot lately. Recent studies show they can influence human health, behavior, and certain neurological disorders, such as autism. But just how do they communicate with the brain? Results from a new University of Illinois study suggest a pathway of communication between certain gut bacteria and brain metabolites, by way of a compound in the blood known as cortisol. And unexpectedly, the finding provides a potential mechanism to explain the characteristics of autism.

02/21/2017 08:40 AM
Mindfulness shows promise as we age, but study results are mixed
As mindfulness practices rise in popularity and evidence of their worth continues to accumulate, those who work with aging populations are looking to use the techniques to boost cognitive, emotional and physiological health.

01/24/2017 07:29 AM
Clinical trial for first-ever treatment of radiation necrosis
Radiation therapy saves countless lives, but in rare cases, it can cause a debilitating, long-term complication when used on the brain. Around three to five percent of patients who receive radiation for brain tumors, or arteriovenous malformations (AVM), develop radiation necrosis, where the brain tissue around the targeted lesion becomes injured and dies.

01/18/2017 02:10 PM
Gene that enables memories, sense of direction produces schizophrenia-like symptoms when mutated
Mutations in a gene that should enable memories and a sense of direction instead can result in imprecise communication between neurons that contributes to symptoms of schizophrenia, scientists report.

01/10/2017 09:10 AM
Early Alzheimer's gene spells tragedy for patients, opportunity for science
Rosemary Navarro was living in Mexico when her brother called from California. Something wasn't right with their mom, then in her early 40s. She was having trouble paying bills and keeping jobs as a food preparer in convalescent homes.