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Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.

06/19/2018 01:15 PM
Experts warn of synthetic 'bioweapons' danger
(HealthDay)—The burgeoning field of "synthetic biology" research could lead to the creation of dangerous new bioweapons, and U.S. defense officials need to be alert to assess the potential threat.

06/19/2018 02:17 AM
U.S. smoking rate hits all-time low
(HealthDay)—Fewer than 14 percent of American adults smoked cigarettes in 2017, the lowest level seen since data collection started in 1965, government health officials reported Tuesday.

06/18/2018 11:00 PM
Even modern care wouldn't have saved RFK: study
(HealthDay)—The care received by Robert F. Kennedy after he was shot in the head 50 years ago this month was the best possible at the time, and his injuries were so severe that he'd still have a low chance of survival today, researchers say.

06/18/2018 11:00 PM
Opioid dependence in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis: More likely to occur before than after surgery
Researchers investigated risk factors for the development of opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). They found that, overall, patients were more likely to have a dependency on opioid medications before surgery than afterward. This finding and more appear in a new article published today in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine: "Factors predicting opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis: analysis from the MarketScan databases" by Mayur Sharma, MD, MCh, and colleagues.

06/18/2018 11:40 AM
Plant-based diets improve cardiometabolic risk factors in diabetes patients
Plant-based diets improve glycemic control, lead to weight loss, and improve cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes, according to a new review published in the journal Clinical Nutrition.

06/18/2018 08:10 AM
Pediatricians say no to spanking
(HealthDay)—Most U.S. pediatricians say spanking is a bad way to discipline children.

06/18/2018 07:13 AM
Should healthy people take probiotic supplements?
A visit to the supermarket these days can feel more like walking through a pharmacy, with an ever-expanding range of milks, yoghurts, pills, powders and speciality foods promoting their "probiotic" prowess.

06/18/2018 05:45 AM
Technology is both a weapon and a shield for those experiencing domestic violence
With growing recognition that domestic violence can be perpetuated using technology, there has been a an increase of news stories that focus on how abusers use it to coerce and control victims.

06/18/2018 05:44 AM
'You are getting very sleepy': When hypnotism came to America
In the early 19th century, American factory workers often labored for 12-hour shifts, six days a week, and weaver Cynthia Gleason was having trouble sleeping. That is, until Dr. Charles Poyen "mesmerized" the textile worker to sleep through the night and wake up at a specific time the next morning. No one could wake her until she woke up herself at 8 a.m.

06/16/2018 04:11 AM
California moves to declare coffee safe from cancer risk
California officials bucked a recent court ruling Friday and offered reassurance to concerned coffee drinkers that their fix won't give them cancer.

06/15/2018 10:10 AM
Liver cancer a big threat to U.S., other developed nations
(HealthDay)—Liver cancer cases in several developed countries have doubled in the past 25 years, due to the continuing obesity epidemic and a spike in hepatitis infections, new research suggests.

06/15/2018 08:30 AM
What does the PREDIMED trial retraction and reboot mean for the Mediterranean diet?
A very influential nutrition trial just tanked. It was retracted from the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) on 13 June, and re-published with new analyses and toned-down conclusions.

06/14/2018 03:30 PM
Lack of paid sick leave linked to poverty
(HealthDay)—Workers without paid sick leave are three times more likely to have incomes below the poverty line, two new studies find.

06/14/2018 03:10 PM
Sex, drugs hold less allure for today's high schoolers
(HealthDay)—Today's teens are a much tamer lot, a new U.S. government survey finds.

06/14/2018 03:02 PM
Test-taking can be tough for kids with vision problems
(HealthDay)—A lazy eye? Crossed eyes? New research suggests that children with such vision problems may take longer to complete standardized tests.

06/14/2018 10:40 AM
Online information on vaccines and autism not always reliable, study shows
Research at Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) has found that information available online can provide unreliable information based on old, 'weak' scientific studies. The study 'Fake news or weak science?' is published in open-access journal Frontiers in Immunology.

06/14/2018 10:06 AM
Sleep problems are influenced by our genes – but this doesn't mean they can't be fixed
Some people struggle greatly with sleeplessness, whereas others appear to be able to nod off effortlessly, regardless of the circumstances. Perhaps the most obvious explanation for differences between us in terms of our sleep is the environmental challenges that we face. An unrelenting stint at work, relationship difficulties or receiving bad news are just some of the many life challenges that can lead to sleepless nights.

06/12/2018 07:10 AM
Researchers find IQ scores dropping since the 1970s
A pair of researchers with the Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research in Norway has found that IQ test scores have been slowly dropping over the past several decades. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Bernt Bratsberg and Ole Rogeberg describe their study and the results they found. They also offer some possible explanations for their findings.

06/11/2018 12:20 PM
Walkable neighborhoods might lower kids' asthma risk
(HealthDay)—Children may be more likely to develop asthma if they live in neighborhoods where it's difficult to get around on foot, a new study suggests.

06/11/2018 11:50 AM
Coffee may do your liver good
(HealthDay)—More good news for coffee lovers: Having three or more cups of "joe" each day may help ward off serious liver ailments, new research suggests.

06/09/2018 12:41 PM
Q&A: Need a little extra money? You'll soon be able to sell and rent your DNA
Feel like earning a little extra money and maybe improving your health at the same time?

06/09/2018 12:19 PM
High school pitchers who also catch prone to injury
(HealthDay)—High school baseball players who both pitch and catch suffer more injuries than pitchers who play other positions, a new study finds.

06/08/2018 07:40 AM
Gene therapy for myotubular myopathy—early signs of success
Parents cherish developmental milestones, from a newborn's grip of an offered finger; to an infant's holding her head up the first time; to rolling over, creeping, and crawling; then to standing, cruising, and finally walking. Even kicking during a diaper change or yowling requires muscle strength and coordination. But a boy with X-linked myotubular myopathy (MTM) is so weak that even breathing is a huge struggle. If a baby survives the initial hospital stay, care at home becomes a full-time job and is only supportive, delaying the inevitable. That grim picture may be changing.

06/08/2018 06:45 AM
Prostate cancer drug given initial 'no' for NHS in England
A prostate cancer drug has been provisionally rejected as a first-line treatment on the NHS in England.

06/07/2018 10:00 AM
Researchers address sleep problems in Parkinson's disease
A team of researchers at VIB and KU Leuven has uncovered why people with a hereditary form of Parkinson's disease suffer from sleep disturbances. The molecular mechanisms uncovered in fruit flies and human stem cells also point to candidate targets for the development of new treatments.

06/06/2018 04:40 PM
Emergency physicians debunk 'dry drowning' myths, highlight drowning risk in older swimmers
Parents have been reading—and sharing—alarming reports of children who died or nearly died due to "dry drowning" over the past year. However, the use of that incorrect, nonmedical term has contributed to confusion about the true dangers of drowning in children and led to serious and fatal conditions being ignored after a "dry drowning" diagnosis was made, according to a special report in the June issue of Emergency Medicine News.

06/06/2018 10:35 AM
More teens than ever would try marijuana
(HealthDay)—One in four U.S. high school seniors would try marijuana or use it more often if it was legal, a new survey finds.

06/06/2018 09:37 AM
New lab technology could reveal treatments for muscle-wasting disease
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed new cell-based technologies which could help improve understanding of the muscle-wasting disease Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and test potential drugs for the disease.

06/06/2018 09:21 AM
Are two cancer immunotherapy drugs better than one?
A class of immunotherapy drugs called checkpoint inhibitors has shown great promise against cancer in some patients. However, researchers' attempts to boost the drugs' efficacy by combining them with other immunotherapies have been disappointing. An article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society, describes the many challenges involved with harnessing the immune system to fight cancer.

06/06/2018 08:42 AM
Identifying a subgroup of heart failure patients could lead to improved care
For more than six decades, oxidative stress has been linked to heart failure, a progressive weakening of the heart muscle that can lead to death. While antioxidant supplements such as vitamin C, vitamin B and beta-carotene have been widely used in heart failure, they often prove ineffective.