Medical Xpress - latest medical and health news stories

Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.

08/16/2017 12:26 PM
Zika pandemic study shows health authorities can improve communication and monitoring
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem who studied health monitoring and communication during the recent Zika pandemic have proposed ways for health authorities to better contain future pandemics.

08/16/2017 09:20 AM
Combination of traditional chemotherapy, new drug kills rare cancer cells in mice
An experimental drug combined with the traditional chemotherapy drug cisplatin, when used in mice, destroyed a rare form of salivary gland tumor and prevented a recurrence within 300 days, a University of Michigan study found.

08/16/2017 02:04 AM
A violent environment can wreck kids' grades
(HealthDay)—Kids in violent neighborhoods often do worse in school. Now, a new study helps explain why.

08/15/2017 02:38 PM
Can previous exposure to west Nile alter the course of Zika?
West Nile virus is no stranger to the U.S.-Mexico border; thousands of people in the region have contracted the mosquito-borne virus in the past. But could this previous exposure affect how intensely Zika sickens someone now?

08/15/2017 11:40 AM
Obesity and depression are entwined, yet scientists don't know why
About 15 years ago, Dr. Sue McElroy, a psychiatrist in Mason, Ohio, started noticing a pattern. People came to see her because they were depressed, but they frequently had a more visible ailment as well: They were heavy.

08/15/2017 11:30 AM
Dallas doctor finds the root of balding and graying hair and is working on treatment
When the mice went gray and bald, the doctor knew he was onto something.

08/15/2017 09:05 AM
The sex workers who are stopping HIV
It's late when we reach Inhamízua on the outskirts of the city.

08/15/2017 08:56 AM
Dementia education on risk inspires people in midlife to consider healthier lifestyles
75 percent of people said advice on dementia risk reduction would encourage them to adopt a healthier lifestyle. Three quarters of people in midlife would make lifestyle changes now to reduce their risk of developing dementia in future, the UK's biggest dementia charities have found. The news follows a pilot of dementia risk reduction messaging in NHS Health Checks for those aged 40-64.

08/14/2017 02:03 PM
Doctors trained at lowest-ranked medical schools prescribe more opioids
Physicians trained at the United States' lowest-ranked medical schools write more opioid prescriptions than physicians trained at the highest-ranked schools, according to a study by Princeton University. The study suggests that better training for physicians, and for general practitioners in particular, could help curb the nation's opioid epidemic.

08/14/2017 08:30 AM
Poo transplants beyond the yuck factor—what works, what doesn't and what we still don't know
The intriguing, yet somewhat malodorous, topic of poo transplants is in the news. A study published today found poo transplants are better at treating a particular type of diarrhoea than an antibiotic or placebo (a fake or dummy treatment).

08/14/2017 06:40 AM
Finding better ways to reduce serious drug side effects
Many of the medicines we depend on to treat disease—and even to save our lives—pose potentially serious risks along with their benefits. Data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that about 40,000 deaths yearly in the United States may be attributable to the side effects of drugs, a number that rivals the toll of traffic accidents.

08/11/2017 03:36 PM
When stress hormone falters, your health may suffer
(HealthDay)— Steady daytime levels of the stress hormone cortisol are associated with serious health problems, such as inflammation, obesity and cancer, researchers say.

08/11/2017 03:36 PM
Singing may be good medicine for Parkinson's patients
(HealthDay)—Singing? To benefit people with Parkinson's disease? It just may help, a researcher says.

08/11/2017 05:47 AM
Sleep biology discovery could lead to new insomnia treatments that don't target the brain
UCLA scientists report the first evidence that a gene outside the brain controls the ability to rebound from sleep deprivation—a surprising discovery that could eventually lead to greatly improved treatments for insomnia and other sleep disorders that do not involve getting a drug into the brain.

08/10/2017 01:30 PM
Number of Americans with epilepsy at record level
(HealthDay)—More Americans than ever are living with epilepsy, federal health officials reported Thursday.

08/10/2017 01:23 PM
Artificial sweeteners trick the brain: study
(HealthDay)—New research may help explain the reported link between the use of artificial sweeteners and diabetes, scientists say.

08/10/2017 11:45 AM
Researchers call for new consistent, robust standards for the development of meta-analyses
In light of a huge increase in recent years in the number of meta-analyses published annually about prevention and treatment of heart disease as well as in other fields, the American Heart Association (AHA) published a scientific statement to provide recommendations for physicians and researchers who wish to do meta-analyses, journal editors who publish them, and health care professionals who wish to use them to make decisions about patient care.

08/10/2017 02:31 AM
Australia vitamin 'breakthrough' to cut miscarriages, birth defects
Taking a common vitamin supplement could significantly reduce the number of miscarriages and birth defects worldwide, Australian scientists said Thursday, in what they described as a major breakthrough in pregnancy research.

08/10/2017 02:28 AM
Parents of premature babies as happy as other parents by adulthood
Parents of very premature or very low birth weight babies have the same life satisfaction as parents of full-term babies, when their children reach adulthood- according to new research by the University of Warwick.

08/09/2017 03:00 PM
Men, not women, may be having fewer strokes
The overall rate of stroke in the United States has been declining in recent years and while that has been good news, a new study suggests it may be primarily good news for men. The research, published in the August 9, 2017, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, found that while the stroke rate for men declined during the study period, for women it remained the same.

08/09/2017 01:03 PM
A personalized approach to Alzheimer's disease prevention
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking, and behavior. It affects more than 5 million Americans. The Alzheimer's Association estimates that some 16 million people will develop the disease by the year 2050 if an effective treatment is not discovered. Symptoms of AD usually develop slowly and worsen over time. They often become severe enough to interfere with daily tasks, and can eventually cause death.

08/09/2017 10:30 AM
Hopes high for a bioengineered liver
Every year, at least 1,500 people die on the waiting list for a new liver because of a donor shortage.

08/09/2017 08:40 AM
Yoga may boost aging brains
(HealthDay)—Older women who practice yoga may have greater "thickness" in areas of the brain involved in memory and attention, a small study suggests.

08/09/2017 05:10 AM
Tuberculosis a tragedy in India, and a grave concern for the rest of the world
A study published recently in The Lancet has drawn the world's attention to the specter of particularly dangerous types of tuberculosis, called multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant, in four countries. The study estimated that the percentage of multidrug-resistant TB among all cases in India, which already has the highest burden of the disease of any country, is set to increase to more than 12 percent in India by 2040.

08/09/2017 05:02 AM
Harvard bioethicist shares hope, concerns on gene-editing
The announcement by Oregon Health & Science University that scientists there had edited the genes of human embryos to remove the cause of a deadly disease has raised the prospect of a powerful new tool for physicians—as well as fears of a Pandora's Box that could lead to "designer babies" and humans engineered for desirable traits such as strength or intelligence.

08/08/2017 02:07 PM
FDA will target e-cigs in health campaign for youth
(HealthDay)—The U.S. Food and Drug Administration will now include electronic cigarettes in a public health education campaign to discourage American youth from using tobacco and nicotine products.

08/08/2017 07:50 AM
Is walking sufficient cardiovascular exercise?
We all know we need to exercise to stay fit and strong, stave off disease and maintain a healthy weight. Walking is the most popular physical activity undertaken by Australian adults. It's free, easy, and can be done almost anywhere.

08/08/2017 01:35 AM
North-South England health divide bigger than ever
Dying early (under age 75) is 20% more likely in northern compared with southern England according to research led by The University of Manchester:

08/04/2017 01:49 PM
Teen drivers take more chances as senior year begins
(HealthDay)—Older teens are more likely to do risky things while driving and have a higher rate of crashes and near misses than their younger classmates, a new survey finds.

08/04/2017 07:40 AM
Do we really face a human fertility cliff-edge? Science offers hope
A friend recently confided in me about his fertility problems. His physician had told him his sperm were small and malformed, to the point that he might struggle to get his wife pregnant. In an effort to make him feel less bad, perhaps, she added that male fertility problems were currently at "epidemic" levels in the UK.