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Medical Xpress internet news portal provides the latest news on Health and Medicine.
08/13/2018 09:57 AM
Work, money worries leave many musicians singing the blues
Researchers from Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin, in collaboration with the mental health-focused SIMS Foundation, have identified work and financial stress as risk factors that may increase clinical depression and anxiety among musicians, according to new study findings presented at the 36th Annual Performing Arts Medicine Association International Symposium in Orange, California.
08/10/2018 01:20 PM
Why we're susceptible to fake news, how to defend against it
Thought processes and belief systems that people develop early in life to help protect against the anxiety and stress of an uncertain world may help explain why some individuals fall victim to what has come to be known as fake news, but psychologists can offer some strategies to defend against it, according to a series of presentations at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.
08/10/2018 06:00 AM
New findings show that for heart health, environment matters
Working with colleagues in the U.S. and in China, University at Albany School of Public Health faculty and students have released new findings about the cardiovascular health impacts of environmental factors, including results suggesting that current extreme-weather warning thresholds may not be sufficient and that owning pets might provide protection against hypertension.
08/10/2018 01:31 AM
Study finds average consumption safe for heart health
New research shows that for the vast majority of individuals, sodium consumption does not increase health risks except for those who eat more than five grams a day, the equivalent of 2.5 teaspoons of salt.
08/09/2018 09:53 AM
Targeting a brain mechanism could treat aggression
A number of psychiatric disorders present with aggression and violence, which, needless to say, are destructive to both individuals and societies worldwide: death, disease, disability, and numerous socioeconomic problems can often be traced back to aggressive behavior.
08/09/2018 09:29 AM
How pharmacists can help solve medication errors
In today's health care system, no one person – maybe not even you – knows exactly what drugs you're taking. What's more, no one health care provider knows how you, the patient, take your medications and at what doses. No single, up-to-date record consistently displays all of this important information.
08/08/2018 04:44 PM
No easy answers on best heart check-up for young athletes
What kind of heart check-up do young athletes need to make the team? A large study of teenage soccer players in England found in-depth screening didn't detect signs of trouble in some athletes who later died—yet allowed others at risk to get treated and back in the game.
08/08/2018 02:00 PM
One-third of Canadian patients get hip fx repair within 24 hours
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News)— Only one-third of Canadian patients received hip fracture repair surgery within the desired 24 hours, according to a Canadian study published in the June 11 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
08/08/2018 09:32 AM
Scientist seeks solutions for cancer patients with dry mouth
For several years, Wilmot Cancer Institute scientist Catherine Ovitt, Ph.D., has been investigating ways to protect and regenerate the salivary gland, which can be damaged during radiation treatment for head and neck cancer. Her lab's latest study focuses on the cells that secrete saliva—discovering the ways in which several different cell populations have the potential to restore salivary gland function.
08/08/2018 03:11 AM
Can medical marijuana help treat intractable epilepsy?
A new British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology review examines the potential of medicinal cannabis—or medical marijuana—for helping patients with intractable epilepsy, in which seizures fail to come under control with standard anticonvulsant treatment.
08/07/2018 10:23 AM
Taking a pill can effectively treat brutal lung disease
Researchers report in Nature Communications they figured out why air sacs in the lungs clog up with a thick substance called surfactant in a brutal disease called Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP), and they show taking cholesterol-busting pills called statins can effectively treat the disease.
08/07/2018 08:28 AM
The risk of lung cancer for young breast cancer survivors
Women who have been lucky enough to survive breast cancer may face increased risk of lung cancers, according to a new study in Radiotherapy and Oncology. The study shows how this can be prevented—limiting the radiation dose to a lung, using a treatment which targets only a small part of the breast.
08/06/2018 08:08 AM
Brains keep temporary molecular records before making a lasting memory
The first dance at my wedding lasted exactly four minutes and 52 seconds, but I'll probably remember it for decades. Neuroscientists still don't entirely understand this: How was my brain able to translate this less-than-five-minute experience into a lifelong memory? Part of the puzzle is that there's a gap between experience and memory: our experiences are fleeting, but it takes hours to form a long-term memory.
08/03/2018 08:10 AM
NIH releases large-scale dataset of CT images
(HealthDay)—To help improve detection accuracy of lesions, the National Institutes of Health (NIH)'s Clinical Center has made available a large-scale dataset of 32,000 annotated lesions identified on computed tomography (CT) images.
08/03/2018 06:40 AM
The troubling side effects of smartphones
If you are reading this on your smartphone, we have some bad news for you. That thing in your hand, designed to bring humanity closer together, is in many respects doing the exact opposite: Smartphones are driving fissures into human relationships.
08/02/2018 03:00 PM
Moon dust a health hazard?
(HealthDay)—Dust could pose a health hazard if astronauts start spending extended periods of time on the Moon, Mars or other airless planets, researchers say.
08/02/2018 01:00 PM
Cellular communication system in mice helps control female fertility
When Joan Jorgensen was an undergraduate at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, her roommate confided that she had just one period before going through menopause in high school. Doctors told Jorgensen's roommate that she would never have biological children.
08/02/2018 12:08 PM
Aortic atherosclerotic plaque inflammation may contribute to the progression of fatty liver disease to liver fibrosis
The world's rising obesity epidemic is associated with a broad spectrum of ailments including atherosclerosis and non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) disease. Each condition can progress from small fatty deposits to localized tissue inflammation that is potentially dangerous. For example, in arterial vessel walls inflamed atherosclerotic plaques are prone to rupture (thrombosis) to form blood clots that may cause life-threatening strokes or heart attacks.