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03/28/2017 09:42 AM
Honesty may not be the best policy for hospital safety grades, study suggests
When a child brings home a report card from school, part of their grade comes from how often they made it to class or turned in homework. But the larger part comes from how they did on tests, in class and on take-home assignments. In other words, how much they've learned, or how hard they're trying.

03/28/2017 08:57 AM
The life-saving treatment that's being thrown in the trash
A few hours before beginning chemotherapy, a man named Chris faces his cellphone camera with a mischievous smile and describes a perfectly absurd milestone at 1.37pm on a Wednesday. "There is no more beautiful moment in a man's life…" he says with puckish glee. Because how can you not laugh when you've been invited to bank your sperm in advance of being "Godzilla-ed" with chemotherapy and radiation, all just four days after being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia at the age of 43 and given a 5 to 15 per cent chance of survival?

03/27/2017 03:37 PM
Curbing sleep apnea might mean fewer night trips to bathroom
(HealthDay)—Millions of Americans battle bothersome nighttime conditions, such as sleep apnea or the need to get up frequently to urinate.

03/27/2017 11:27 AM
Health problems may increase as young people infected with HIV at birth get older
A new study has found that U.S. youth infected with HIV around the time of their birth are at higher risk throughout their adolescence and young adulthood for experiencing serious health problems, poor control of the HIV virus or death. The report, led by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), has been published online in JAMA Pediatrics.

03/27/2017 11:07 AM
Less salt, fewer nighttime bathroom trips?
(HealthDay)—Lowering your salt intake could mean fewer trips to the bathroom in the middle of the night, a new study suggests.

03/27/2017 08:45 AM
Team develops 'calculator' to predict risk of early hospital readmission
Patients who are discharged after a hospital stay will want to stay away from the hospital for as long as possible. However, in Singapore, approximately 15 per cent of patients who have been discharged from hospitals will succumb to a readmission within 30 days, while globally, readmission rates within 30 days can be as high as 20 per cent.

03/24/2017 06:50 AM
Seven months after Rio Olympics, Zika continues to plague babies in urban slums
Many international travelers to the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, openly considered skipping the games to avoid the threat of Zika. Despite the fears, not a single case of Zika or its major neurological complication, microcephaly, was reported by foreign visitors. The near-paranoia—and the diversion of scarce resources to protect a low-risk population—could have been avoided by heeding the lessons of previous epidemics, argues a new study from public health researchers at UC Berkeley.

03/23/2017 04:20 PM
Scientists spot gene for rare disorder causing deafness, blindness
(HealthDay)—Researchers say they have found the genetic cause of a rare disorder that causes children to be born with deafness, blindness, albinism and fragile bones.

03/23/2017 11:33 AM
Encouraging results for patients with aggressive brain cancer
Being diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor is devastating news for patients and their loved ones. Whereas some types of tumor respond well to treatment, others such as glioblastomas - the most common and aggressive brain tumors - are known to recur and progress within short times from the diagnosis. Patients diagnosed with this type of cancer, and who undergo current standard treatment, have a median survival of 16 months.

03/23/2017 08:57 AM
Team finds another immune system link science said didn't exist
The University of Virginia School of Medicine has again shown that a part of the body thought to be disconnected from the immune system actually interacts with it, and that discovery helps explain cases of male infertility, certain autoimmune diseases and even the failure of cancer vaccines.

03/22/2017 02:02 AM
Inactive teens develop lazy bones, study finds
Inactive teens have weaker bones than those who are physically active, according to a new study.

03/20/2017 02:00 PM
Vaccine, improved treatment are keys to control of a surging HIV pandemic
Development and widespread use of a vaccine that's even partially effective against HIV, along with more progress toward diagnosis and treatment, offer the best hopes for turning the corner on a global pandemic that's still spiraling out of control, researchers reported today.

03/20/2017 12:37 PM
A simple fix to avoid some unnecessary coronary stents
Physician researchers at Thomas Jefferson University suspect that some cases of coronary artery spasm go unrecognized and are incorrectly treated with stents. The good news - there could be a simple fix to eliminate these unnecessary stenting procedures. The team published a case series in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions describing six patients who were scheduled for angioplasty and stenting for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (five of whom had a cardiac catheterization days prior). However, when the cardiologists gave nitroglycerin prior to placing the stent, the blockages resolved, indicating the true diagnosis of coronary artery spasm. Angioplasty was deferred and all patients were successfully treated with medication.

03/20/2017 11:30 AM
1 in 4 teens exposed to secondhand E-cig vapors: report
(HealthDay)—One-quarter of U.S. middle and high school students say they've been exposed to potentially dangerous secondhand e-cigarette vapors, a federal government study shows.

03/20/2017 11:22 AM
Fewer U.S. kids overdosing on opioids
(HealthDay)—The number of U.S. kids who overdose on prescription painkillers each year may be declining—but the incidents remain a major public health problem, new research says.

03/20/2017 09:53 AM
DNA labels predict mortality
Various chemical modifications in the genome determine whether genes are read or deactivated. Methyl labels in the DNA play a key role in this "epigenetic" regulation of gene activity. Life style and environmental factors influence the methylation in the genome. Scientists have already well documented links between the methylation status of specific positions in the genome and cancer as well as other diseases.

03/20/2017 08:01 AM
Cellular jetlag seems to favor the development of diabetes
Like almost all light-sensitive living beings, human beings follow biological rhythms set on a period of about 24 hours. The circadian clock (from Latin "circa" and "dies", which means "about a day") therefore describes the internal system that allows us to anticipate the changes of day and night by regulating nearly all the aspects of our physiology and behaviour. At a time when our biological rhythms are increasingly undermined - whether by night work, jetlag, or societal habits, - scientists begin to unveil the impact such circadian misalignments may have in the explosion of metabolic diseases. Specialists from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) studied pancreatic ɑ- and β- cells that are in charge of the production of insulin and glucagon, two hormones that regulate glucose levels in the blood. They discovered that already at cellular levels, these internal clocks orchestrate the timing of proper hormone secretion, thus optimizing body metabolism by anticipating the rest-activity and feeding-fasting cycles. Their misalignment would thus favor the occurrence of metabolic diseases.

03/20/2017 06:46 AM
For atrial fibrillation ablation, newer anticoagulant reduces major bleeds
Uninterrupted treatment with dabigatran, a non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOACs), before, during and after ablation to treat atrial fibrillation significantly reduced the incidence of major bleeding events compared with uninterrupted use of the more established anticoagulant warfarin, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

03/20/2017 02:05 AM
Poison centers receive 32 calls a day about kids exposed to prescription opioids
A new study published online today by Pediatrics and conducted by the Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Central Ohio Poison Center at Nationwide Children's Hospital found that there were more than 188,000 calls to US Poison Control Centers for pediatric exposure to opioids from January 2000 through December 2015, averaging 32 calls a day or one every 45 minutes.

03/17/2017 11:31 AM
New study finds antithrombotic therapy has no benefit for low-risk atrial fibrillation patients
Findings from a large, community-based study show that antithrombotic therapy doesn't decrease low-risk atrial fibrillation patients' risk of suffering a stroke within five years. In fact, researchers found that low-risk patients fared better without any antithrombotic therapy.

03/17/2017 09:24 AM
Shingles vaccine cuts chronic pain, hospitalizations
(HealthDay)—Vaccination greatly reduces the risk of serious complications from shingles, a new study finds.

03/17/2017 09:24 AM
Eating for two often doesn't translate into a healthier diet
(HealthDay)—Despite the well-known wisdom of eating a healthy diet while pregnant, new research shows that most American women don't.

03/17/2017 08:25 AM
Evolocumab significantly reduces risk of cardiovascular events
Evolocumab, one of the new targeted PCSK9 inhibitor drugs that has been shown to dramatically lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad" cholesterol, also significantly lowers the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with existing heart or vascular disease already on statin therapy, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

03/15/2017 04:20 PM
Nearby day cares don't pose health risks to kids: study
(HealthDay)—Living near a day care center won't increase your child's risk of catching contagious illnesses like whooping cough, new research suggests.

03/15/2017 04:10 PM
Black Americans more likely to skip flu shot
(HealthDay)—More than half of American adults don't get an annual flu shot, and black Americans are even less likely to do so because of concerns about side effects, researchers report.

03/14/2017 01:04 PM
Specialized compound could lead to chronic pain relief without the use of opioids
Purdue researchers have discovered a compound that could lead to the treatment of chronic pain without the need for patients to rely on opioids.

03/14/2017 10:54 AM
Now hear this: Loud sound may pose more harm than we thought
Matt Garlock has trouble making out what his friends say in loud bars, but when he got a hearing test, the result was normal. Recent research may have found an explanation for problems like his, something called "hidden hearing loss."

03/13/2017 11:36 AM
Genetic analysis better explains how uterine cancers resist treatment
Researchers have charted the complex molecular biology of uterine carcinosarcoma, a rare and aggressive gynecologic cancer, according to a study published on March 13 in Cancer Cell.

03/13/2017 10:35 AM
The looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health
There are already one billion tobacco smokers worldwide, and this number is likely to rise further with Asian tobacco companies poised to enter the global market, according to SFU health sciences professor Kelley Lee.

03/10/2017 09:10 AM
The secret to a good sex life is …
(HealthDay)—Couples who regularly have sex tend to be happier, and now a new study suggests one reason why: affection.